Abyaneh Village is a historic village between Natanz and Kashan, located on the slopes of Karkas Mountains in Isfahan. The village’s specific architecture, original culture and climatic conditions attract many tourists from inside and outside of borders. Abyaneh is one of the oldest Iranian villages where have found objects dates back to Sassanid period. The local people of Abyaneh called the village “Viona”, which means bidestan (Where the willow tree grows) in the past.
Sightseeing in Abyaneh Village
The village of Abyaneh consists of three neighborhoods and paths. Neighborhoods including Hardeh (Down the village), Pal (Above the village) and Yousmun, which the rich lived in Hardeh and Yousmun and the paths are main path, Yousmun alley and a path parallel with main path. You can walk through alleys and enjoy native architecture.
Abyaneh Architecture; A red stair stepped village on the slopes of Karkas
By entering the village, you will be attracted to its unique architecture. The red houses was built of a mine right next to the village, and because of the homogeneous construction, has known as Red Village. The village architecture is native and accordance with foothills climate, so that houses are toward the sun most of the year months. The stair-stepped construction also helps to conserve energy at home. Abyaneh’s historic houses can be attributed to three historical periods; Seljuk era, Safavid era and Qajar era.
Abyaneh Tourist Attractions
There is a monastery in Abyaneh village, where its history dates back to the Safavid period; a three-story building with Safavid ornament. Khaneqah or Monastery is a place that sofies are living and educated there. The Safavid king and the Sufis were gathering in this monastery.
Caravanserai and Shotor Khaneh
In the past, caravanserai has become very common in Iran, especially desert areas. There are two caravanserai at Abyaneh, which is the only ruins left by natural destruction. Of course there were a lot of Shotor khaneh (A place for camel maintenance like caravanserai), where camel caravans were traveling. These Shotor Khanehs belonged to rich people. The remaining Shotor Khaneh in Abyaneh including Shirazi Shotor khaneh, Jafareh Shotorkhan, Mozaffareh Shotorkhaneh, Taqi Mir Shah Ali Shotor khaneh.
The water mill has been used to convert wheat and other cereals into flour using water pressure, which was common in the past in every rural and urban region. There are three water mills in Abyaneh, where the local people call it “Areh”.
Abyaneh jameh mosque or Masjed-e Mian-Deh (the mosque in village) is more ancient than other mosques in Abyaneh Village. Old Shabestan (A big columned hall in the mosque ) connected to the main alley and its floor made of wood. There is a historic altar, which is very valuable. This altar has engraved with Boteh Jegheh design and calligraphy. There is a wooden mimbar dating backs to Seljuk period. The new Shabestan is a large and columned hall that is lighted in its wooden ceiling. The roof is designed in the form of vulture wing because of the name of a mountain this area.
Other mosques in Abyaneh including Parzaleh Mosque, Yousmun Mosque, Hajatgah Mosque, Palizeh Mosque, Panje Ali Mosque and etc.
Abyaneh Fireplace (Harpark Pantheon)
The firplace is a Zoroastrian fireplace known locally as “Rashta” and is four-vaulted. The fire temple is located in a place, which can be seen from each side in main path.
In 2005, the Museum of Anthropology opened accordance with village architecture. In this museum, people’s lifestyles have been featured using village images, sculptures, objects such as cooking containers, agricultural tools, jewellery and clothing
SPeople of Abyaneh Village as Tourism Wealth
Undoubtedly, one of the most important attractions of this village is the genuine people and their culture.
Abyaneh’s clothes has been an inseparable part of the village culture since ancient times and is interesting for tourists. Abyaneh women’s dresses are made of colorful and cheerful fabrics, with large scarves that give them a special look. In the village, it is possible to wear traditional dress and take a photo.
Most people are working at agriculture, livestock farming and horticulture, which is traditionally done, and the water of agricultural land comes from Qanat. Agricultural products are potatoes, wheat, barley, apricots, pears, apples and walnuts. Another of the people’s jobs is rug weaving that has many workshops in the village.
Since Abyaneh is located in a desert region, their dishes are from the same area. The well-known food is called “Gepa” which is a kind of “Qormeh” cooked with lamb meat. “Karvani” is other food in Abayaneh which is similar to “Kaljush” and is cooked with Kashk- Persian dairy product, mint and fried onion.
The people of Abyaneh speak Farsi (Persian) with specific accent.