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The Blue Mosque  is  a  famous historic  mosque  in  Tabrīz, Iran. The  mosque  and  some  other public  buildings  were  constructed  in  1465  upon the ruler of  Kara  Koyunlu. This  mosque  was  severely  damaged  in  an  earthquake  in  1779, leaving only the entrance hall. This building reconstructed  in 1973  by  the  late  Reza Memaran  Benam  under  the  supervision  of  Iranian  Ministry  of  Culture  however, the  tiling  is  still  incomplete.

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History of Blue Mosque

The  Blue  mosque  of  Tabriz  was  built  upon  the  order  of   Jahan Shah  the ruler of  Kara Koyunlu  dynasty  which  made  Tabriz  the  capital  of  his Kingdom that was covered  major  parts  of  modern  Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. He  was  killed  by  Uzun  Hassan and  buried on  the  only  parts  of  the  mosque  that  survived. The  mausoleum  was  built  in  the  southern  section  of  the  mosque  and  is entirely  covered  with  high  marble  slabs  on  which  verses  from  Quran  are engraved  in  Thuluth  script  on  a  background  of  fine  arabesques. The  roof  of the  mausoleum  and  the  main  dome  chamber  of  the  mosque  collapsed  during an  earthquake  in 1779 A.D. and  was  rebuilt  in 1973  thanks  to  the  efforts  of Mohammad Reza Memaran Benam (a famous architect from Tabriz) under the supervision  of  the  national  organization  for  preservation  of ancient  monuments.

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Calligraphy

The diverse  Kufic, and Thuluth scripts, the arabesque patterns, and the chromatic Composition  of  these facades, were created by Nematollah-ben-Mohammad-ol- Bavab, the famous calligrapher. The walls inside and outside had been covered with mosaic tiles.

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Mosque,_Tabriz

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