Kashan is known by historic buildings, monuments and customs attracting many tourists. If you travel to Kashan, do not miss visiting Fin garden and the two houses, Tabatabaei Historical House and Borujerdi house. Borujerdi House is one of the glories traditional houses in Sultan Mir Ahmad neighborhood. A Kashanian merchant; Mr. Hasan Borujerdi built this house in 1194 AH.
History of Boroujerdi House
Boroujerdi historical house has an interesting story for us. The house owner; Haj Seyyed Mehdi Natanzi, was named Mehdi Boroujerdi because of his business in Borujerd city. He proposed the daughter of Tabatabaei for his son. However, Mr. Tabatabaei; a rich merchant that was living in a luxurious house with his family agreed with one condition only. He asked Mr. Boroujerdi to build a magnificent house for his daughter. In this way, he built the Boroujerdi House by Master Ali Maryam, the architect of the Tabatabai house, and the young couple lived there.
Architecture of Boroujerdi House
Khan-e Boroujerdi is built adopted with climate like all historical houses in Iran. Since Kashan is located in a warm and dry area, it is very important for the houses to be damp and cool specially in summer. For this purpose, the architect due to the sun and deployment of a basement, windcatcher, garden, summer and winter mansion, and other Iranian architecture techniques, has been able to naturally provide a pleasant climate. Borujerdi house is considered as the symbol of Iranian house due to the Iranian architecture and its techniques, varied and elegant ornament, creativity especially the indoor courtyard of the summer mansion and unique windcather.
In order to enter the house, we pass through the narrow corridors and get into a lovely courtyard. In desert regions the courtyard were built lower than level of the house, and there was a garden to make weather cooler. Now is the time to get to the mansion. Panj-Dari (Five doors) Room was common to welcome the gusts in Iranian houses. On the other side there are two Se-Dari (Three doors) rooms decorated with Orosi and Gereh-Chini. This part used as a winter mansion, because it was sunshiny and the windows brought more light to the rooms. The main materials are adobe combined with mud and plaster and for the decorative columns of the porch and courtyard, was used from wood.
The summer mansion is located in front of the main entrance and back to the sun. This orientation, windcatcher and basement make the weather cooler. The ornaments and a unique windcatcher attract inbound and internal tourists. This section has two rooms, main hall, hallway, alcove (Shah- Neshin), indoor courtyard and a dome with Moqarnas decorations. This indoor courtyard or hall is usually used for festivals and mourning. The traditional air conditioners are decorated with beautiful plasterwork. Alcove (Shah-Neshin) of Boroujerdi house is one of the most beautiful decorations in Qajar period. There are paintings of Qajar kings on the walls, and these paintings have been drawn under the supervision of Professor Kamal al-Molk; the great painter of Qajar.