Dena Mountain, the Most Beautiful & Glamorous Symbol of Nature
Dena mountain is located south east Zagros and is among the highest peaks of this mountain chain. The snow-covered heights, glaciers and abundance of water springs have made it diverse in terms of its fauna and flora. In view of the existence of a unique ecosystem in this region and the necessity to maintain it, Iran’s High Council of Environmental Protection has declared part of the Zagros as protected area in the 1990. In 2000, several parts of Dena Mountain were also included in the protected areas. The Dena Peak has always been the center of attraction for mountain climbers from Iran and around the world; hence, Dena is a well-known mountain in the world.
- Elevation: 4407 m
- Difficulty: Walk up
- Best months to climb: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
- Convenient center: yasouj
Si Sakht in the Foothills of Dena Mountain
The mountain city of “Si Sakht” with its natural and beautiful sceneries and pleasant weather condition is located in the foothills of Dena. Sisakht is a small beautiful city in south west of Iran. It is located in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad province. This city is a cold snow-covered area during winter. During other seasons, the city is replete with delicate wind, filled flowing streams, green forests, and gardens full of fruits and flowers.
Legend of Si Sakht
Sisakht could be traced back in history, legends, and braveries. There is a saying that once one of the Iranian legendary kings named Keikhosro was passing this area with accompany of thirty great strong men of his kingdom. In their way they came across a steeped neck of a mountain across which passing was an absolute difficulty. The king decided to return, realizing that they cannot pass this part of the path, but the adjutants refused to do that.
As the troupers realized that their king had left them at dawn, they opted to follow him but at long last they couldn’t make it because of the snow and freezing weather.This area is named Sisakht (endurance of thirty) after these troupers’ bravery and loyalty. There are certain traditions specific of the people who are living in this city. They usually don’t lock the door of their cars or their houses. There is a symbolic sculpture in the middle of the city which represents a farmer who is standing while there is a book in one of his hands and there are crops on the other hand.
The Nature of Dena Mountain
In terms of natural and morphological conditions, the southern foothills of Dena abound with chestnut jungles located in the east and the north of Kouhkelouye-Boyer Ahmad Province. Its northern foothills have dry and semi-dry weather conditions and are without any forest trees. The vegetation of this area are gazing grasses and due to the existence of natural glaciers and snows, there flows abundant springs and waters.
Farming lands in this area mostly include apple gardens which are irrigated by several small and big springs. In terms of herbaceous coverings, Dena protected area possesses exclusive herbaceous diversity. This area has at least 1,200 plant species of which 90 are tress and forest tress and the rest are bushes and plants. The most abundant tree species of this region is chestnut. Other forest species include Boneh, Zalzalak, Bid, Chenar, wild cherry and etc.
There are numerous small and big caves in Dena. From among the most famous Caves in Dena, we can name “Ice Cave” and “Char Char Cave”. Of the famous springs in the area is “Pey Dani” along which one comes across beautiful sceneries. The average annual temperature of this mountainous region is between 5° to 15° C and its beautiful and vast summits are covered by snow, almost all round the year. The most important summits in this vicinity are more than 4,000 meters in height and are the following: Houzdal, Sicherni, Benrohash, Qalam, Pol-e-Sefid, Khersan. and…
Large brown bears, partridges, eagles, vultures, bearded vulture, leopards, wolves, wild cats (Black-eared in particular), martens, ferrets, Persian squirrels, falcons, larks, rams, ewes, and wild goats make up the local fauna.