The fossil pillar in the heart of the Lut desert

The incredible ecosystem of Earth’s hottest spot. Lut Desert: The hottest, driest, and most scenic desert on Earth.

The Lut Desert, also known as Dasht-e Lut, is an extreme landscape in more ways than one. The hyper-arid desert has been identified by NASA as the hottest place on Earth. Those who brave a visit will soon discover the beautifully strange scenery that make this place one of a kind.

Iran’s Lut Desert is often called the hottest place on Earth—though that depends on how you’re defining “hottest.” To be precise, the Lut holds the record for having the Earth’s hottest surface temperature, which can climb as high as 159 degrees Fahrenheit (70 degrees Celsius). And over its 5,400 sq km area, there is no vegetation or animal life.

Lut desert Kalut Shahdad

In any case, this scorching superlative is not the only thing that makes this region unique. The desert is speckled with gigantic rock formations, some of the tallest sand dunes in the world, salt plains, sinkholes, forgotten castles, and friendly wolves that roam around at night.

Camp outside under the stars and you will feel tiny between the surreal rock formations. Visitors, of course, are advised not to explore Lut Desert in the summer; however, beware that in winter and spring the nighttime temperatures drop below zero.

Lut desert Kalut Shahdad is the hottest place on earth

Lut is the Arabic name for the Prophet Lot. This is the same Lot of the Old Testament, and the Qu’ran, related to be the messenger sent by God to Sodom and Gomorrah.

The hottest place on Earth as of 2005 is in the Lut Desert in Iran at 70.7 degrees Celsius. This inviting region is abiotic – meaning without life; not even bacteria have been found. The specific hot zone, covering 480 square kilometers is called Gandom Beriyan (the toasted wheat). The high temperatures are party as a result of the dried, black lava rock which absorbs the heat of the desert sun – kind of like walking across a 480-kilometer bed of coals! Kilometers and kilometers of mountains and sand fill corridors between high ridges of rock and 150-meter-tall sand dunes.

In any case, this scorching superlative is not the only thing that makes this region unique. The desert is speckled with gigantic rock formations, some of the tallest sand dunes in the world, salt plains, sinkholes, forgotten castles, and friendly wolves that roam around at night.

Lut Desert Smooth and flat star hills with amazing curve lines

Other attractions of Lut include Gandom Berian, Shahdad Kalout and Rig Yelan. Fresh and salty water are found in southern and northern regions of Lut respectively, which are among its wonders.

Coming in at a distant second for hottest place on Earth is Death Valley in California reaching up to 56.6 degrees Celsius on occasion. El Azizia in Northern Africa reached blistering 66 degrees Celsius in 1922.

Sand bath in Lut desert

Some of you may be wondering what effect global warming is having on the hottest temperatures on the planet. All the national science institutes of the major industrial countries agree that it is happening. Estimates are that the climate will rise in temperature from between 1.1 to 6.4 degrees Celsius over the 21st century. Expect these records to get broken.

Lut Desert is home to flora and fauna which include mammals, insects, birds, and marine animals as well plants.

Lut Desert is the habitat of Asiatic Cheetah, which are found in Ravar.

Water in Hottest Place on Earth

Lut is also home to a type of indigenous alligator found in Rigan, which is in the southern parts of the desert. The desert is also the habitat of Balaban [saker falcon], which is known as the world’s fastest bird in flight.The speed of the bird reaches 200 kilometers per hour when it swoops down.

Artemia is found in salty waters of Lut, which is of high value because it is used for feeding shrimps.

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