Tabatabaei historical house is one and the most glorious historical house in Kashan. This city is known for its historical houses and Iranian architecture, which attracts many tourists from Iran and around the world. Come with us to travel get familiar with bride of Iranian houses; Tabatabaei house.
History of Tabatabaei House
Haj Seyyed Jafar Tabatabaei Natanzi was an international rug merchant from Natanz and residing in Kashan, exporting exquisite rugs to Russia and India. In 1871, he decided to build a magnificent house for himself and his family. For this purpose, Master Ali Maryam; the famous architects of the Qajar era selected as the architect of his house. In this regard, his student Mirza Abolhassan Sanni-ol-Molk Ghaffari Kashani, who was one of the Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar painters, assumed for ornaments. As Mr. Tabatabaei traded in the rug, the house ornament was inspired by the elements of Persian rug. After many years, the house was purchased by the monuments renovation organization and the municipality took over responsibility for repairs and is currently managed by the municipality of Kashan.
Architecture of Tabatabaei House
Iranian house usually have two parts; seraglio and outer space. Seraglio is a private space for routine life, and women spent their most time in this part. The outer space is against of the seraglio; a public space for home men used for business or catering to strangers. These two parts are connected by corridors to each other, and usually there is a high wall between them. Likewise, the house also has two courtyards; atrium and patio.
Iranian architects payed attention to beauty and use of building at the same time, and used their techniques to avoid any futility that is another feature of Iranian architecture. The courtyard and garden is lower than surface, which is an architectural style in Iranian house in the desert region. This makes the weather cooler, easier water supply and helps to building strength against the earthquake. Another feature of Iranian architecture is the similarity that considered in Iranian house too.
However, because Tabatabaei historical house belonged to a rich merchant; Mr. Tabatabaei, the house has an extra part for crew. The seraglio consists of a five-door (Panjdari) room, two courtyards, a basement and a windcatcher. The five-door room has been the residence of Mr. Tabatabaei family and there are a number of rooms in the northwest courtyard for catering. The basement and the windcathers is located below the central room as the air conditioner. In the outer space, there is an alcove (Shah-Neshin room); the large hall with glories ornaments such as painting and mirror work and plasterwork. You see some nice and colorful windows that named Orosi. The crew part including rooms, a kitchen and stalls, which unfortunately some of the crew’s rooms are destroyed.
The entrance consists of corridors leading to the seraglio and outer space. In addition, the house is hide from the outside,and this goes back to the introversion; other Persian architectural features due to Dr.Pirnia and that is. Accordance with this principle, the building is far from the stranger’s eyes and the damage of possible enemies.