Banafsheh (Violet)

Banafsheh (Violet)

Violet is the name of kind of plant from the Violaceae family that is mostly found in the temperate regions of the world with the short stem and Purple or Yellow colours. Violet has Therapeutic and Medical Properties either and use for making Afshar crystal in the past.

Morphology Specifications

This plant is Gramineous, Stable. It has left of the same place and comes to be outside from the Collar. The leaves of this plant are in the shape of  Heart, with long petioles and they are located on the ground level because there is not specified aerial stem in this kind of plant. Lateral buds appear on the side of the petioles of  Violet. The flowers are single, beautiful and with the Purple colour and they are rarely White or with Rosy colour and fragrant. The long Peduncles of the flower that they born from the Petioles before come to be flower had a bent shape like a reed that is visible. The fruits of Violet are Glume, spherical, covered with fluff and they contain the seeds with the Yellow colour and with White patchiness. Beautiful and scented flowers of Violet are the appearance in the Early Spring. In summer flowers are without petals that they appearance between Petioles which always remains secret inside them.

Single flowers of Violet are in the Purple colour and rarely White with the fragrant flowers. Long Peduncles before come to be flower has bent shape like a reed. Peduncles appear from between the leaves. In front of the light, they lose their colour. In the dark and dry place, they keep their color even for more than one year.

Violet in Iran

Naturally Violet is growing in the North of Iran, but given that today it is planting in the garden as an ornamental flower, it can be seen in most parts of Iran. As Violet is planting in winter so it is called the flower under the snow.

Violet diseases

Cucumber mosaic virus is one of the plant viruses that has been extracted from this plant and it is proven on Violet.

Violet in the Traditional medicine

Base on the traditional medicine all parts of Violet such as leaves, flowers, seeds, roots, and flowering branches have medicinal consumption.

Violet is wet, pungent, slightly bitter and cold. This plant has the properties such as follow:

  • Anti-inflammation
  • Mucus
  • Stimulant
  • Diuretic
  • Anti-tumor
  • Anti-rheumatic
  • Laxative
  • Antimicrobials
  • Stabilization capillary walls and blood purifier
  • Sudoriferous

Prepared syrup of it brewed Violet can be used for the treatment of a cough. Because of being rich in the soap materials, so it is good mucus and it is the reason of strengthening of the blood. Pour two spoons of Violet powder in the half a liter boiling water and then use it with milk and honey.

Brewed Violet can be used after being in the doping shape as compresses for the treatment of skin diseases. For the treatment of rheumatism, it can use two times in a day from the compress of the brewed Violet on stance. From the powdered of Violet and water, you can make a dough that is helpful for wound healing and injuries.

About 6-10 grams of Violet seeds has the Laxative effect on the children and the consumption of 7-15 grams of that on the water has the slight effect of laxative. From the violet oil can be used to avoid from the followings:

  • Hair loss
  • Dandruff
  • Itchy skin
  • skin beauty
  • Gingivitis
  • Headaches and nosebleeds

In Literature

As Violet is the name of the flower so it has many consumptions in the poems either. You can find many beats of poems from the different poets that they use this word to show the much beautiful sense of themselves. Some of these poets are as follow:

  • Hafez
  • Saadi
  • Maulana
  • Ferdowsi
  • Khayyam
  • Attar

In Europe and totally West culture (not forget me),it is using for such this purpose.