Shazdeh Mahan Garden is one of the historical gardens of Iran. This garden has 2 Kilometers distance from Mahan city, near the Kerman province and it is located on the slopes of Tigran mountain. This building is related to the end of Qajar period. The Shazdeh Mahan Garden is located in the 30 degrees and one minute of geographical peculiarities in northern latitude and 57 degree and 17 minutes of east lengths. The height of that from the free Sea is 2020 meters. This effect in the 14 Aban 1353 came to be as one of the national monuments of Iran and in 2011 it comes to be in the list of UNESCO World Heritage.
The characteristics of the Shazdeh Mahan garden
Shazdeh Mahan Garden has the 3/5 Hectare area and has two collections of east and west. The buildings of that are very beautiful and they are making in the shapes of two floors. The entrance of that has the beautiful architecture that makes this garden distinguish from the other gardens of Iran. There are geysers or fountain in the lengths of the garden that they are the most beautiful ones in whole Iran.
These fountains are working on the basis of heights different. The length of this garden is 407 meters and the width of that is 122 meters so because of that this is the biggest and most beautiful garden of Iran. This garden has many peoples to watch it in the most times of the year especially in spring and summer.
Locating the garden in the pass road of Kerman to Bam and in the traditional way of Silk Road was one of the factors that made this location suitable for constructing of an aristocratic garden. This garden constructed in the way that maximum visibility of internal perspectives of that is available as follow:
It is possible that on arrival, especially in the upper storey of the house entrance except for the outer garden views and perspectives, watching Chahar Baq prospects and in the inversion of that mountain landscape.
These spectacular views it means watching the tempest of water, ponds and waterfalls each one, in turn, focuses on axes perpendicular on the main axis and with the herbal makeup obtain the uniquely internal perspective. There are many different fruit trees in this garden and in front of the mansion ponds and fountains makes the beautiful perspective either. The garden water is providing from the small Tigaran river. Mr. Masoudi has examined the building of the garden from the various aspects of architecture and the role of water inside it.
Architecture of Shazdeh Mahan Garden
Shazdeh Mahan Garden is one of the Iranian gardens and constructed in the rectangular shape land in 5/5 hectare area and has very beautiful entrance head. The garden buildings are as follow:
The main belvedere (Permanent or seasonal residence of the owner) that is locating at the end of ramping up of the garden. In the entrance head of the garden in the shape of building a front line of the entrance of the garden occupies and it is constructing in 2 floors.
The top floor of the head door has some rooms that they are forecasting for the living and public catering establishments. The other service buildings of the garden are using the main fence and it is in the shape of the compound wall containing the service buildings in the best point of itself. In addition, this garden contains alcove mansion and bathroom. Today the alcove mansion comes to be the restaurant and it is managing by the private sector.
History of Shazdeh Mahan Garden
Shazdeh Mahan Garden at first constructed by the hand of Mohammad Hosein Khan Iravanian Sardar that he was the ruler of Kerman in that days and inside of garden later made by the hand of Abdul Hamid Mirza Naser Aldoleh the governor of Kerman during eleven years of his governance from 1298-1309 of hegira lunar. However when he died was abandoned in the half-built shape. People said that when the sudden death news of the governor arrive at Mahan one of the people who made the building left his job and has fled so it is easy to recognize some empty parts of the head of the door that they made by the hand of this man. The date of constructed the building was 1276 of Solar.
Global registration of Shazdeh Mahan Garden
Shazdeh Mahan Garden is one of the ninth Iranian gardens that registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1390 and the information of the garden is translating by UNESCO in 35 languages of the world and it is locating in the tourist map of UNESCO.Shazdeh Garden was registered in the UNESCO heritage list on the 21st of July in 2011.