Ferdows souvenirs are as same as the souvenirs of other parts of our beautiful country and they contain food, agricultural products, and various handicrafts. From the most famous of them, we can point to the Qaenat Barberry and Saffron that both of them have the global reputation.
This province is the premier province of Iran in the background of agriculture and in addition to having the first place in the production of barberry and jujube, it has the second place in the production of saffron and cotton, it is the 6th producer of pomegranate and 8th producer of sugar beet.
South Khorasan province also has high capacity in the mining sector. The only magnesite reserves of Iran and the country’s largest mine Asbestos are in this province. Copper Mines, Magnesite, Granite, Basalt, Travertine, and bauxite are the only parts of mines that are being implemented in this province.
This province in addition to being one of the historical and architectural parts of Iran, due to its geographical situation has many natural attractions that they are especially for the wilderness areas and desert.
South Khorasan province as the largest producer of Jujube in our country, devoted more than 95 percent of the area of itself under cultivation of this product.
Jujube cultivation because of the compatibility of this product with climatic conditions has spread from ancient times in many areas of the province. In between the farmers of this city (about 9500 families), the main source of their earnings is Jujube production. Jujube harvest in the tropical city of this province that is started from the first of August and in the mountainous villages, it’s started from the first of October.
Iran country is the biggest producer of Barberry in the whole world and Qaenat city in the Khorasan province has the 97% of its land under the cultivation of this crop and produce 95 percents of the barberry of our country. Barberry harvesting begins in October.As Barberry bushes are prickly harvesting them are very difficult so all the families of the farmers participate in this work. Seedless barberry of Qaenat is one of the popular souvenirs of South Khorasan.
This plant of a pretty color is from the native plants of Iran and because of the limitation in cultivation and production of that so it is counting on the category of expensive foods. Since saffron is completed in desert areas it is famous for the “Red gold of desert”. Iran has the first position in the world production of Saffron and allocated more than 90 percent of global production to itself. South Khorasan province after Khorasan Razavi is the second producer of Saffron in Iran and Saffron cultivation in the province has more than 700 years old antiquity. The Saffron of this province from the quality (aroma and color) in compare with Khorasan Razavi province is more desirable and Qaenat city of this province is known as the capital of world Saffron.
Ferdows city in south Khorasan province is the main manufacturer of Pomegranate in Iran and after the Saveh city in Markazi province and Ney riz city in Fars province is the third manufacturer of Pomegranate. Cultivation plentiful of Pomegranate in this city made this fruit as the major industry of there. In gardens of Ferdows city, different species of pomegranate are cultivated.
Some kinds of pomegranate in this city are as follow:
Shisheh kap, Shahvar, Shalqami (Turnips), Yazdi Nigella sativa and …
The best kinds of pomegranate is from the Ferdows city with the name of “Shisheh kap” and it has the special location in the export of pomegranate and more than 80 percent of annual production of there are exporting to the other countries such as Spain, Japan, South Korea and the countries around the Persian Gulf. “Shisheh Kap” pomegranate has the smooth and red skin and the seeds of the fruit have the dark red colour with desirable and sour-sweet taste. This kind of pomegranate has a little bust and this is the reason of lasting more of this fruit in the places such as the warehouse.
Barak bafy (to weave kind of cloth)
Barak is kind of cloth that is prepared from the Camel wool or goat hair. This kind of cloth is soft and thick that is weaving with traditional textile products machinery and has excellent softness and strength. This kind of cloth is mostly weaved for the man clothes especially their Jacket of the winter. In the past Tailors made fine garments for Rulers. This cloth has its own different colours of brown, black, white, milky and gray. Barak bafy (weaving Barak) is one of the old traditional souvenirs of Khorasan.
Tarkeh bafy (to weave twig)
Tarkeh bafy is one of the subsets of mat weaving art that the main difference between them is in the materials that they use. For the preparation of the material used in this art, they use young and thin (Twig) branches of Musk willow red trees and peanuts bushes. This kind of art base on the abundance of raw material is very common in different cities of Khorasan like as Birjand. In the Autumn and Winter due to the loss of farmers work this work is more common among the people. They made different kinds of dishes. Pay attention that the green dishes that are weaving by Musk willow twig is more strengthen in compare with the red one that weaving with the Red Willow.
A handmade carpet of south Khorasan that is Known as Maud carpet has the big portion of producing Qali in Iran and its global famous make it very unique and give it the location to be in the different museum of whole Iran. Although you can find carpet weaving industry in all parts of Iran but the source of it is in the Moud City. The way of weaving them is as same as Mashhad carpet but from the part of quality obviously, they are superior from them.
Some of the design of the Moud carpet that they are now a day common are Rize Mahy (Small Fish), Kheshty (Adobe), Kaleh Asby (Head of the Horse), Robi Saadi (Saadi quarter ), Afshar with seven colors.