Yazd souvenirs are various, some of which are world famous including carpets with charming patterns; pileless carpets, tirma (a kind of cashmere), brodcaded silk, velvet, blankets, bed-cloths, earthen ware,engraving, glassware and leather ware. Being delicate and beautiful, these handicrafts are suitable to be kept as souvenirs. Yazd is also famous for its various sweets, the most well known are Pashmak (cotton candy), Baqlava and Qotab.
Baqlava is a rich,sweet pastry made of layers of filo filled with chop ped nuts
and sweetened and held together with syrup or honey. It is characteristic of the cuisines of the former Ottoman Empire, and is also found in Central and West Asia.
The history of baqlava is not well documented. There are three proposals for the pre-Ottoman roots of baqlava : the Central Asian Turkic tradition of layered breads, the Roman placenta cake, as developed through Byzantine cuisine,or the Persian lauzinaq.
Baqlava is normally prepared in large pans. Many layers of phyllo dough, separated with melted butter and vegetable oil, are laid in the pan. A layer of chopped nuts-typically walnuts or pistachios, but hazelnuts are also sometimes
used- is placed on top, then more layers of phyllo. Most recipes have multiple
layers of phyllo and nuts, though some have only top and bottom pastry.
Before baking (180 C, 30 minutes), the dough is cut into regular pieces, often parallelograms (lozenge-shaped),triangles, diamonds or rectangles. After baking , a syrup, which may include honey, rosewater, or orange flower water is poured over the cooked baqlava and allowed to soak in.
Baqlava is usually served at room temperature, often garnished with ground nuts.
In Iran,a drier version of baqlava is cooked and presented in smaller diamond- shaped cuts flavored with rose water . The cities of Yazd and Qazvin are famous for their baqlava , which is widely distributed in Iran. Persian baqlava uses a combination of chopped almonds and pistachios spiced with cardamom and a rose water-scented syrup and is lighter than other Middle Eastern versions. Azerbaijani pakhlava is widely eaten in Iran, espesiaaly in Iranian Azerbaijan
Pashmak (Persian: پشمک) is a form of Persian candy floss or cotton candy, made from sesame and sugar. The word Pashmak in Persian is composed of پشم pashm [wool] + ـَک ak [resemblance suffix] meaning “wool-like”, as the confectionery resembles sheep’s wool.
Pashmak is served on its own or as an accompaniment to fruits, cakes, ice creams, puddings and desserts.
A Turkish sweet called pişmaniye bears some resemblance to Pashmak.
Always known for the quality of its silk and carpets, Yazd today is one of Iran’s industrial centers for textiles. There is also a considerable ceramics and construction materials industry and unique confectionery and jewelry industries.
A significant portion of the population is also employed in other industries including agriculture, dairy, metal works, and machine manufacturing. There are a number of companies involved in the growing information technology industry, mainly manufacturing primary materials such as cables and connectors. Currently Yazd is the home of the largest manufacturer of fibre optics in Iran.
Yazd’s confectioneries have a tremendous following throughout Iran and have been a source of tourism for the city. Confectioners workshops (khalifehs, or experts) keep their recipes a guarded secret, and there are many that have remained a private family business for many generations. Baklava, Ghotab and Pashmak are the most popular sweets made in the city.
In 2000 the Yazd Water Museum opened; it features exhibits of water storage vessels and historical technologies related to water.
Yazd has expanded its industrial fields since the 1980s. With at least three main industrial areas each containing over 70 different factories, Yazd has become one of the most technologically advanced cities of Iran. The most famous corporations include Yazd Steel, Shimi Plastic of Yazd, and Yazd Polymer.